Pediatric Physical Therapy: Uses, Methods and Benefits

Children physical therapy is done to enhance the overall motor ability, gait, balance, stability, agility, posture, strength, functional ability, and strengthening of the lower limbs to improve the daily lives of children who suffered from injury or with inborn conditions. It also assists in improving the lives of children with delayed physical and cognitive development. Patients age range from new born up to 18 years of age. The treatment is done by a physical therapist, but the success lies with the efforts of parents and upon consultation with paediatricians, neurosurgeons, orthopaedics, and coaches.
The physical therapy is performed to treat injuries such as back pain, fractures, scoliosis, traumatic brain injury, and sports injuries. In certain cases, the therapy helps in reviving the interest of children to sports after suffering and upon recovering from a sport related injury. It is also used to treat genetic conditions that present motor function disability such as Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Down’s syndrome, Muscular Dystrophy, and Spina Bifida. Other conditions include juvenile attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, rheumatoid arthritis, cystic fibrosis and cancer (
Various treatments can be employed when undergoing pediatric physical therapy. Aquatic therapy provides an environment where gravity is reduce, making movement easier compared to making the same motion on the ground. The water resistance provides a safe environment for training. The pool is usually heated and salted. The water surroundings help in relaxing the children’s muscle during session. The therapy is availed by children with weak muscles, abnormal muscle tone, decreased muscle mobility and endurance.